For a Kinder, Gentler Society
How Maoism Destroyed Communism
  • Gerhard Schnehen
Reviews Table of Contents Introduction «Back
How Maoism Destroyed Communism.
Sound Bite

Many people still think that Maoism and Marxism constitute more or less the same ideological concept and have a lot in common. Allegedly, they both stand for “Communism” — or the failure of Communism, and are both some sort of totalitarian system with no respect for human rights and basic freedoms.

The texts, documents and analyses presented in this book disprove these assumptions. Maoism essentially destroyed Communism. This collection may give some valuable insights into how this could happen.

This book offers Analyses, Documents, Texts, and Reports on Mao Zedong, his 'ideas,' and Maoism in Practice. Among the texts included are writings by Wang Shiwei, Wang Ming, Dai Qing, Li Zhisui, Jung Chang, Le Duan, Ouk Villa, William B. Bland, A. Shelokhewzev, Pjotr P. Vladimirov, and Henry Kissinger.


About the Author

For twenty years Gerhard Schnehen has been combing the writings of Russian, English, German and other observers to learn why socialism collapsed in the USSR and in other countries.

He has written books on the history of the German Democratic Republic, on Khrushchev’s putsch in 1953, the fate of four German Communists who became victims of the great purges in the USSR in the late thirties, and also on Gorbachev’s perestroika.

About the Book
Maoism converted Marxism into totalitarianism and a system of slavery, supervision, “gleichschaltung”, and has created in China an all-powerful state serving the interests of a corrupt elite and not those of the working people and the poor. In...
Maoism converted Marxism into totalitarianism and a system of slavery, supervision, “gleichschaltung”, and has created in China an all-powerful state serving the interests of a corrupt elite and not those of the working people and the poor. In the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, Marxism was similarly sabotaged, undermined, and corrupted, however not by Maoism but by “reform communism” and Khrushchevism (which is a similar concept) developed to subvert and destroy Marxism) and genuine socialism in the name of “modernizing” or “further developing” it.

The Communist Party of China was destroyed by a group of nationalists and chauvinists who did not even know Marxism properly, who abused Marxism for their own purposes, later leading to a Chinese state where the bourgeoisie was still in power.

The private-public partnership concept (PPP) was created in the mid-1950s by Mao Zedong and his theoreticians, creating not a socialist state but a corporate state, a coalition of big corporations and billionaires on the one hand and a pseudo-Communist elite on the other — a reactionary model now eagerly copied in the West. And the Chinese leaders still call it “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”.

Today we experience that a new tyranny is emerging: a state that tramples on our basic democratic rights in the interest of big corporations and self-serving billionaire oligarchs. They are the ones who have hijacked the state, and they are now turning it into a mere tool for their permanent enrichment, plundering its coffers and stealing the taxpayers’/consumers' money. And the greatest theoretical and coherent system of liberation, Marxism, is no longer there to stop them.


Preface
Mao is remembered as one of history's most outstanding leaders, but his legacy shows that he betrayed al the principles he claimed to represent. Just consider these questions:

1. In general, Mao Zedong is considered to be a ‘Marxist’. If...

Mao is remembered as one of history's most outstanding leaders, but his legacy shows that he betrayed al the principles he claimed to represent. Just consider these questions:

1. In general, Mao Zedong is considered to be a ‘Marxist’. If this was true, then why did he purge the Marxists Gao Gang and Rao Shushi from the Communist Party and put them behind bars? Gao had taken part in the liberation of China before the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1949 and was a widely renowned Communist.

2. ‘Mao Zedong Thought’ is usually described by Maoists as a further development of Marxism-Leninism. If this was really so, then why did Mao Zedong propagate building socialism by prioritizing agriculture and light industry over heavy industry? According to Marxist Political Economy, in the first stages of socialism heavy industry must be prioritized to equip agriculture with modern and labor-saving machinery.

3. In the late fifties Mao Zedong, without asking his own Party, introduced the Peoples’ Communes. At the same time, the Chinese peasants were forced to smelt iron in tiny home-made backyard furnaces. Later he recommended shooting sparrows to protect the grain harvest. Would a normal person, or a reasonable Marxist leader, order the people to do such things?

4. Mao Zedong launched the Great Leap Forward in 1958, causing nationwide famine. Millions of people died from exhaustion and hunger. His fiercest critic, Defense Minister Peng Dehuai, was punished for having criticized him and lost all his party posts. Why wasn’t Mao himself, who was chiefly responsible for the catastrophe, not punished and expelled from the Communist Party?

5. In 1966 Mao Zedong supported the ‘Red Guards’. He tied a red armband around his arm to show his solidarity with them. These ‘Red Guards’ torched libraries and books like the German Nazis did, smashed Buddhist statutes, desecrated cemeteries, plundered museums, and demolished old statues and scriptures, thus destroying large parts of the Chinese cultural and intellectual heritage. Mao Zedong did not rein them in but let it happen. Lenin had said that the cultural heritage must be respected and preserved by Communists, as such people are no Anarchists but highly cultured people. How could the ‘Marxist-Leninist’ Mao Zedong act in such a way?

6. Mao Zedong, as we all know, tolerated an excessive personality cult around his person, especially during the ‘Cultural Revolution’. His supporters, among them Lin Biao, then Chinese Defense Minister, whipped it up in a way never known before. In the First International (mid 19th century), the International Workers Association, of which Karl Marx was a leading member, he rejected in harsh terms endeavors to glorify him. He did not tolerate a personality cult around his person. If Mao was a real Marxist-Leninist, then why did he tolerate the cult?

7. After President Richard Nixon’s and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s visit to Beijing in 1972, Mao Zedong supported the US foreign policy worldwide and considered himself an ally of the United States. He recognized the military bases of the US in Asia, in Europe and elsewhere and stopped sending weapons to the Vietnamese people fighting the imperialists. He even gave a substantial loan to the fascist Pinochet regime in Latin America; he also recognized the fascist regime in Spain, the Franco regime. Marxists are anti-imperialists and wholeheartedly support national liberation movements. Why did Mao Zedong act in this way if he was a ‘Marxist’?

8. Let’s look into Mao Zedong’s past: He was never arrested by Chinese reaction in his whole lifetime. Stalin was arrested six times by the czarist police and spent years in prison and labor camps. In the Special Area in Yenan in the 1940s, Mao Zedong and his people were given weapons and supplies by the US army. Freedom fighters such as Salvador Allende of Chile (ousted and murdered by the CIA in 1973) and Patrice Lumumba of the independent Congo (ousted and murdered by the CIA in 1960) were not given weapons but were killed. Why did the US support Mao Zedong if he was a freedom fighter, a ‘servant of his people’ and also a Marxist?

9. If Mao Zedong was really a Marxist, how could he tell Foreign Minister Henry Kissinger in the early seventies that he thought of himself as ‘a successor of the Chinese emperors’? Marxists despise emperors, kings, queens, and feudal lords as they live at the expense of the working people, enslaving and exploiting them.

10. In the sixties Mao Zedong told the Indian Prime Minister Nehru that he did not fear the A-bomb because if such a bomb was dropped over China and killed 300 million people, there would still be another 300 million to survive [something no other nation could claim]. The A-bomb was a ‘paper tiger’ in his view. Marxists are friends of the people; they fight for their rights and freedoms, they fight for nuclear free zones. They want peace and do everything possible to preserve it. If Mao Zedong was a Marxist, why did he say such a thing?


Pages 284
Year: 2022
BISAC: HIS008000 HISTORY / Asia / China
BISAC: POL005000 POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Communism, Post-Communism & Socialism
Soft Cover
Available early December.
ISBN: 978-1-62894-491-4
Price: USD 19.95
Hard Cover
ISBN: 978-1-62894-492-1
eBook
ISBN: 978-1-62894-493-8

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